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Julia Hartwig was born 14 August 1921 in Lublin as the youngest child of Maria (née Biriukow) and Ludwik Hartwig. Until 1918, her parents stayed in Russia. Her father ran a photographic parlour in Moscow from 1909. The children – Edward, Walenty, Zofia and Helena – were born there. The Hartwig family was forced to move to Poland by the Bolshevik revolution. Julia Hartwig spent her childhood in Lublin. The Hartwig family lived at 2 Staszica St., and then on Krakowskie Przedmieście St. The family’s main source of income was her father’s photographic parlour. Julia Hartwig started education in a primary school situated at Lublin Cathedral. From childhood, she was raised in the spirit of tolerance for others – as a child, she went both to Catholic and Orthodox churches with her mother. She continued education at the Union of Lublin Grammar School, where she met Anna Kamieńska, Hanna Malewska and Anna Szternfinkiel. In 1936, she made her debut in W słońce, an inter-school literary magazine. At that time, she had the opportunity to meet Jerzy Pleśniarowicz, Józef Łobodowski, and Józef Czechowicz who was the reviewer of one of her early works. In 1939, she passed her matriculation exam. Like her brothers, during World War II she served with the underground as the Home Army liaison and was active in the cultural underground. At that time, she also took up studies at the underground University of Warsaw (Romance and Polish studies). Her professors were Julian Krzyżanowski, Witold Doroszewski, Władysław Tatarkiewicz, and others. It was where she met the poets Tadeusz Gajcy and Zdzisław Stroiński. After the war, she continued education at the Catholic University of Lublin and then at the University of Warsaw. The poet’s output includes 25 volumes of poetry in addition to sketches, feature articles, prose poems, monographs of writers and poets, of which a monograph on Apollinaire is found to be most prominent. In November 2009, she received the J. Parandowski Polish PEN Club Award. The Honorary Citizenship was awarded to her by Resolution No 813/XXXV/2009 of the Lublin City Council of 15 October 2009. The Act conferring Honorary Citizenship: This Act is an expression of great appreciation and gratitude for you merits in the field of poetry. Your life is closely linked with the city of Lublin. We are happy that you revisit us in your work and that we can host you in your home city, at “meet the author” sessions and meetings with the residents of Lublin. Your poetic output and the recognition you enjoy contribute to the development and promotion of Lublin in Poland and abroad. This Act strengthens the image of Lublin as a City of Inspiration, a City of Knowledge, a fully-fledged European Capital of Culture 2016 candidate city. Please accept our best thoughts, wishes of health and many years of creative work.

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