Encircled by a green belt of 2,500 ha, Brest is located in the south-west of the Republic
of Belarus, bordering Poland and the Ukraine.
Brest enterprises account for the quarter of the industrial potential of the region. Many countries purchase the products of joint stock companies such as “Brestgazoapparat” and “Carpets of Brest”, integrated hosiery factory, “Elma” knitting factory, “Nadzeya” clothes factory, electric bulb factory and the distillery, complex of machine building plants, souvenir factory and furniture factory.
20 suburban and over 70 long distance trains pass the railway station daily. Railway traffic across the border with Poland is controlled by Brest Customs. About 100 suburban and international buses leave the bus station daily. One of the major European motorways Berlin-Warsaw-Moscow intersects the city.
Two major border control posts “Varschavsky Most” and “Kozlovichi” handle motor vehicles crossing the Belarussian-Polish border. Two customs terminals handle heavy hauliers and the third one, “Kozlovichi 2”, is currently under construction.
The River Port enables the transportation of cargoes to the Black Sea via Dnieper-Bug Canal and the Pina River.
Commercial enterprises of Brest are noted for their high standars of customer service.
The agricultural market, the car market, 2 merchandise markets and 3 mini-markets function in the city. Seasonal fairs are held regularly every year. About 200 temporary sale outlets are arranged in the summer.
In 1993, Brest was the first city in Belarus to implement the auction model of privatisation of municipal enterprises. The first in the Republic free economic zone “Brest” (FEZ “Brest”) was set up here. At present, over 90 domestic enterprises function in its territory. In 1998, the Brest province joined the trans-border association BUG Euroregion, established
in September 1995. Today, the Volyn region and Lubelskie Voivodeship of the Republic
of Poland are also members of this association.
The city education system is comprised of 77 preschool facilities attended by 15,000 children, 35 schools of general education, 4 colleges, a secondary school (attended by 50,000 young Berestrians and employing 3,500 teachers). Among these, there are specialized schools with business, musical and choral, artistic and aesthetic classes, where students receive excellent instruction in foreign languages (English, German, French, Spanish); also in the city, there is a choreographic school and two secondary music schools.
Educational institutions providing education in specific fields of knowledge include:
the Polytechnic and Technical Railway Schools, technical vocational schools, the musical college are attanded by 4,700 students. 10,000 students receive instruction at Brest State University, Brest Polytechnic Institute, the Commercial Institute of Economic and Law and the branches of the Republican Institutes of Management and Modern Knowledge.
The public health service is represented by 28 medical and prevention institutions (with bed capacity of 3,270), where 2,300 doctors and 5,000 medium-level medical workers are employed.
Physical culture and sports play an important role in the life of the city. 4,000 schoolchildren attend 18 youth sports schools. The sport complex ‘Olymp’, the gym,
a rowing canal, two sports and sanitation complexes, 3 stadiums and 9 indoor swimming pools together with 100 gymansiums, all offer their sporting facilities. A large riding hall and a sports palace are currently under construction.
Brest museums have been acknowledged far beyond the borders of the Republic.
The memorial “Brest Fortress Heo’ is the most famous, preserving the memory of garrison soldiers who heroically resisted the ‘invincible’ Hitlerite army in June and July 1941.
The remains of 224 wooden structures of 13th c. encapsulated in a marquee of glass and concrete in the Berestye Museum constitute archaeological and ethnographic values
of world-wide significance.
The collection of ancient icons, paintings and household articles in the Museum of Saved Artistic Valuables could adorn the world’s greatest galleries.
The Regional Museum of Local Lore and its branches: the Museum of the City History,
the Motherland Nature Museum and the Cosmos Museum, also possess a number of rare exhibits.
The Theatre of Drama and Music, the Puppet Theatre and 6 cinemas are functioning
in the city. Moreover, the International Theatre Festival ‘Belaya Vezha’ and the Belarusian national film festivals are held here every year.
The consulates of Russian Federation, the Ukraine and the Republic of Poland in Brest facilitate practical cooperation. The brotherhood ties with Orel (Russia). Lutsk (Ukraine), Weingarten, Ravensburg (Germany), Saint-Nicholas (Belgium), Biała Podlaska, Lublin (Poland), Sao Gan (China) and Pleven (Bulgaria) have been strengthened on a regular basis.
The cordiality and hospitality of the Berestians, their striving to pursue goals and entrepreneurial spirit, location of the city at the crossroads of Europe and Asia all provide for a reliable basis for progress in all areas and for the development of durable and long-term international relations.
Bernardine sisters convent;
Exaltation of the Holy Cross church;
elements of old Polish cuisine;
Nina Andrycz – a Polish actress;
Jerzy Fedorowski – a Polish professor, geologist;
Roman Klim – a Polish regionalist;
Michał Sulej – a Polish composer;
Menachem Begin – a former Prime Minister of the State of Israel;
the 3232 Brest main-belt asteroid was named after the city;
on 3 March 1918, the treaty ending the World War I at the Eastern Front was signed;
before the war, there were many Polish sport clubs in Brest;
in the city there is the Consulate-General of the Republic of Poland and Polish Culture Centre.
Бресцкі гарадскі выканаўчы камітэт (Brest Municipal Executive Committee)
224005 г. Брт, бул. Знгельса 3
tel.: 00 380 162 210192
fax: 00 380 162 235494