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Print page to PDF Lviv

Name: Partnership agreement
Signing a contract: 15.01.2004
Population: Population: 725 202

Lvov (in Ukrainian: Львів – Ľviv) is the principal city of western Ukraine. This city, so important to Polish culture, was founded in the 13th century during the reign of Duke
of Halich and Vladimir, Daniel, and received the name of his son, Lev. Lvov and the whole Halich territories became Polish dominions under Casimir the Great. As early as
in the 15th century Lvov was besides Przemyśl the main city of the Ruthenian voivodship and played for a long time the role of an important centre of first Ruthenian, and then Polish culture and science. 


In 1356 Lvov was granted the Magdeburg charter, and a little later – the privilege to use the bi-weekly right of storage which gave the city a definitely privileged position
in the Black Sea trade. In the 16th century the city received the right to send its delegates to the Sejm (Parliament). In 1658 it was granted noble rights which meant that the noble burghers were able to pursue their profession without a fear of losing their nobility. The city grew quickly and in the late 16th century became one of the richest in the Polish Republic. Besides Poles, Ruthenians and Jews, Lvov was the home of many Armenians, completely polonised as a rule, whose main activity was trade.


Lvov was the place where the first printed book in the Ukrainian language was published (in 1574) and where the Uspiensk Brotherhood worked and contributed so greatly
to the Ruthenian community. And in 1661 the Polish Jesuits founded an Academy,
the predecessor of the Lvov University (the John Casimir University between the two World Wars, and the present Ivan Franko University).  After the outbreak of World War II, on 22 September 1939 Lvov was captured by the Red Army. As a result of forged elections conducted on 22 October 1939, Lvov and the Polish parts of Ukraine and Belarus were incorporated into the USSR. The Soviet authorities persecuted the Polish residents of the city. After the German aggression against the USSR, Lvov became a district capital in the Generalgouvernement.  On 27 July 1944, seized by the Red Army troops, Lvov was incorporated into the USSR by virtue of agreements concluded during and after World War II by representatives of the great powers. Since August 1991 – on the territory of Ukraine. 
The city has developed the motor, machine, electrotechnical, chemical, food-processing, textile and cloth industries. It is an important railway and road junction. It has an airport. 
 

 Interesting facts:

Main attractions/sights:
the Lviv State Academic Opera and Ballet Theatre of Salomea Krushelnytska;
Lviv City Hall;
Royal Tenement;
the Bandinellis Tenement;
Black Tenement;
Monument to Adam Mickiewicz;
the Potockis Palace;
Roman Catholic Cathedral;
Chapel of the Boim family;
St. George’s Cathedral;
Armenian Cathedral and district;
Dominican church;
Bernardine church and monastery;
Jesuit church;

Typical dishes:
borscht;
deruny – Ukrainian potato pancakes;
varenyky – a kind of stuffed dumplings;
salo – a traditional Eastern European food consisting of cured slabs of fatback, with or without skin;
gołąbki – a cabbage roll, common in Polish cuisine, made from lightly soft boiled cabbage leaves wrapped around minced pork or beef, chopped onions, and rice or barley baked in a casserole dish. Usually served with a creamy tomato sauce;

National sports:
combat hopak – a martial art, based on the Ukrainian traditional dance Hopak. It was created by Volodymyr Pylat in the 1980s;
Cossack spas – traditional Cossack martial art;
square game – a motor game popular among Ukrainian youth;

Famous citizens:
Stanisław Lem – a Polish writer;
Bartłomiej Zimorowicz – a Polish poet and historian of the Baroque era, mayor of Lviv;
Iwan Bazarnyk – an architect;
Roman Wiktiuk – a theatre actor and director;
Alexander Beliavsky – a chess player;
Stanisław Jerzy Lec – a Polish poet, philosopher and writer;
Ruslana Lyzhychko (Ruslana) – a singer;
Emanuel Aks – an American pianist;
Alexander Aksinin – a well-regarded Russian-Ukrainian printmaker and painter;

National dances:
hopak – a Ukrainian dance performed most often as a solitary concert dance by amateur and professional Ukrainian dance ensembles, as well as other performers of folk dances;
kozak dance;
tropak – a traditional Ukrainian folk dance from the Slobozhan region of Ukraine (around the city of Kharkiv) settled primarily by descendants of the Zaporozhian Cossacks;

Useful address:
International Relations Department, Lviv City Office
79008 Lviv
Rynok sq. 1
tel. /00380322/075-790, 729-230, fax:/00380322/975-720
http://www.city-adm.lviv.ua

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